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Medical Care for Guinea Pigs

Medications

everal medications have been found to be highly effective in the treatment of Guinea Pig diseases or parasite problems. This page will provide you with information about the medicine, its use, dosage and possible side effects. Most of these can only be obtained from a veterinarian. Discuss their use and especially dosage with your veterinarian before administering to your cavy.

warningThese medications are based on suggestions and recommendations of fanciers and breeders. You must check with your veterinarian before using these medicines. I am not responsible for the improper use of the medications in this listing.

The medications have been classified by their types, and ordered by severity of reaction, the least reaction (1) is first with the most severe reaction (5) last. As with many human medications, those with some side effects tend to be better at solving the problem than those with lesser effects.

There is a common problem with highly specific antibiotics, such as pencillin and ampicillin along with the -mycin classes of antibiotics. Specifically, they seem to have the most effect on the gram positive flora, allowing the gram negatives to florish and cause problems, especially if given orally. Therefore they should be avoided if any of the below medications can be used to solve the immediate problem.

Another page with information about medications and their use is here. I'd check with Squeak's page too! It lists them by well known names in America, United Kingdom and Germany. Check it out!
Medicinal Information
MedicationUsesDosageSide EffectsSeverity
Antibiotics
Enrofloxacin
Baytril
Antibiotic for infections2.5mg/kg twice a dayKills intestinal flora, causing diarrhea1
Trimethoprim-
sulphadiazine
Tribrissen
Antibiotic for Upper Respiratory Infection (URI) or Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)30 mg/kg twice a day injected?1
Chloramphenicol Antibiotic for deep inner ear infection20 mg/kgPenetrates bone as well as skin. This can have a very severe risk to humans, so avoid skin contact and wash hands after use (is mainly an injestion danger).1
SMZ-TMP,
DiTrim, Bactrim
Antibiotic for URI or urinary tract infection (UTI)15 mg/kg orally twice a day?
TetracycleneAntibiotic for abscesses50mg/kg in three doses or
250mg/8oz water for seven days
Concern with toxicity, bitter taste can be covered with Tang or other juices5
CiProAntibiotic??
TresadermAntibiotic for Ear Infectionsdrops in ear (2?)?
GentamycinAntibiotic for Ear InfectionsinjectionNot recommended for animals with reduced kidney function
Sulmet also called
Sodium Sulfamethazine
respiratory infections1 teaspoon/16oz water for seven daysbitter taste can be covered by adding Tang or other sweet juice as well5?
Antiparasitics
IvermectinKills internal, subcutaneous parasites (mites)3 shots over three weeks?1
pyrethyrin
Kitten Flea/Lice Powder
Kills lice on bodydust on body, careful to avoid eyes and mouth1
Antiseptics
Chloramphenicol (Chloromycetin Palmitate)
Nolvasan(?)
AntisepticUsually twice a day application to wound?1
NeosporinAntisepticUsually twice a day application to wound?1
Miscellaneous
Actigalloral for desolving calcium depositsdrops?
methigeloral for desolving calcium depositsdrops?
gentamicin sulfateeye drops for infectionsdrops?
metaclopramide/ReglanOral for loss of appetitedrops?
GriseofulvinAntifungal agentinjection (may be available in oral form)Should not be given to pregnant or lactating sows, can cause birth defects. Can also have an impact on human liver function if injested, use with care!
BenadrylAntihistimineelixer 1mg/lb of weightdrowsy? Hyper?
IsofluraneAnesthesiaAnesthesia for surgeryImproper control can lead to pain for animal or death from overdose, however, is the best anesthesia available.


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Page maintained by Dale L. Sigler. Copyright © 1997, '98. Updated: 10/7/00